class beem.memo.Memo(from_account=None, to_account=None, blockchain_instance=None, **kwargs)

Bases: object

Deals with Memos that are attached to a transfer

  • from_account (Account) – Account that has sent the memo
  • to_account (Account) – Account that has received the memo
  • blockchain_instance (Steem) – Steem instance

A memo is encrypted with a shared secret derived from a private key of the sender and a public key of the receiver. Due to the underlying mathematics, the same shared secret can be derived by the private key of the receiver and the public key of the sender. The encrypted message is perturbed by a nonce that is part of the transmitted message.

from beem.memo import Memo
m = Memo("holger80", "beempy")
enc = (m.encrypt("test"))
>> {'message': '#DTpKcbxWqsETCRfjYGk9feERFa5nVBF8FaHfWPwUjyHBTgNhXGh4mN5TTG41nLhUcHtXfu7Hy3AwLrtWvo1ERUyAZaJjaEZNhHyoeDnrHdWChrzbccbANQmazgwjyxzEL', 'from': 'STM6MQBLaX9Q15CK3prXoWK4C6EqtsL7C4rqq1h6BQjxvfk9tuT3N', 'to': 'STM6sRudsxWpTZWxnpRkCDVD51RteiJnvJYCt5LiZAbVLfM1hJCQC'}
>> foobar

To decrypt a memo, simply use

from beem.memo import Memo
m = Memo()

if op_data being the payload of a transfer operation.

Memo Keys

In Steem, memos are AES-256 encrypted with a shared secret between sender and receiver. It is derived from the memo private key of the sender and the memo public key of the receiver.

In order for the receiver to decode the memo, the shared secret has to be derived from the receiver’s private key and the senders public key.

The memo public key is part of the account and can be retrieved with the get_account call:

get_account <accountname>
  "options": {
    "memo_key": "GPH5TPTziKkLexhVKsQKtSpo4bAv5RnB8oXcG4sMHEwCcTf3r7dqE",

while the memo private key can be dumped with dump_private_keys

Memo Message

The take the following form:

  "from": "GPH5mgup8evDqMnT86L7scVebRYDC2fwAWmygPEUL43LjstQegYCC",
  "to": "GPH5Ar4j53kFWuEZQ9XhxbAja4YXMPJ2EnUg5QcrdeMFYUNMMNJbe",
  "nonce": "13043867485137706821",
  "message": "d55524c37320920844ca83bb20c8d008"

The fields from and to contain the memo public key of sender and receiver. The nonce is a random integer that is used for the seed of the AES encryption of the message.

Encrypting a memo

The high level memo class makes use of the beem wallet to obtain keys for the corresponding accounts.

from beem.memo import Memo
from beem.account import Account

memoObj = Memo(
encrypted_memo = memoObj.encrypt(memo)

Decoding of a received memo

from getpass import getpass
from beem.block import Block
from beem.memo import Memo

# Obtain a transfer from the blockchain
block = Block(23755086)                   # block
transaction = block["transactions"][3]    # transactions
op = transaction["operations"][0]         # operation
op_id = op[0]                             # operation type
op_data = op[1]                           # operation payload

# Instantiate Memo for decoding
memo = Memo()

# Unlock wallet

# Decode memo
# Raises exception if required keys not available in the wallet

Decrypt a memo

Parameters:memo (str) – encrypted memo message
Returns:encrypted memo
Return type:str
decrypt_binary(infile, outfile, buffer_size=2048)

Decrypt a binary file

  • infile (str) – encrypted binary file
  • outfile (str) – output file name
  • buffer_size (int) – read buffer size

encrypted memo information

Return type:


encrypt(memo, bts_encrypt=False, return_enc_memo_only=False, nonce=None)

Encrypt a memo

  • memo (str) – clear text memo message
  • return_enc_memo_only (bool) – When True, only the encoded memo is returned
  • nonce (str) – when not set, a random string is generated and used

encrypted memo

Return type:


encrypt_binary(infile, outfile, buffer_size=2048, nonce=None)

Encrypt a binary file

  • infile (str) – input file name
  • outfile (str) – output file name
  • buffer_size (int) – write buffer size
  • nonce (str) – when not set, a random string is generated and used

Returns information about an encrypted memo

unlock_wallet(*args, **kwargs)

Unlock the library internal wallet